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Saad Anwar Hashmi

Past and present scenario of CNG in Pakistan

  The supply and use of CNG in the transportation industry has adversely affected the economy. CNG was introduced for transportation in late 90’s to counter the rise in price of oil which caused inflation from the supply side. The idea for introducing CNG was to provide cushion to the consumers specially the transportation network to keep the prices at low level. As the price of fuel based on international …

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Cambridge versus intermediate education system

  When it comes to primary education, a student in Pakistan has the option either to pursue the local education system, which includes Matric followed by Intermediate or pursue the British education system through O Levels and A Levels. The Cambridge system is usually left for those who can afford the fees structure whereas Matric and Intermediate can be done at fraction of a cost. Post completion of Intermediate or …

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Bearing of university brand names on the job market

  Universities in Pakistan are governed by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (HEC) who is responsible for education policy, quality assurance, and degree recognition, development of new institutions and uplift of existing institutions in Pakistan. Pakistan produces about 445,000 university graduates and 10,000 computer science graduates per year. HEC recognises 132 institutions of which 73 are public universities and 59 are private universities. There are 127 universities in total …

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India faces challenges to become a dominant country in global trade

  India is the tenth largest economy of the world with GDP growth of 5.3 percent. India has USD 295 billion in reserves on as December 2012. India’s literacy rate is 74 percent which has grown year on year. The country is a major player in the global market when it comes to Trade. The textile, automotive, banking and technology industry is considered the best in the world. Major multinationals, …

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Banking sector review for year 2012

  The banking sector through CY12 to date has faced tough challenges with external factors including law and order situation, political uncertainty, strikes causing closure of bank branches in distressed areas to name a few. According to the Financial Stability review released by SBP for second half of 2011, 12 banks in Pakistan failed to meet the MCR of PKR 8 billion by December 31, 2011. The minimum capital adequacy …

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Stock market review for year 2012

  Pakistan’s stock markets, particularly KSE is known worldwide for providing the best returns among global stock exchanges. KSE index more recently was expected to show a decline and expected not to breach the hypothetical index value of 16,000. The stock market on the contrary is trading at 16,800 points. As on 30-Dec-11, KSE was trading at 11,347 points giving an annual return to date of 41 percent which is …

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Foreign investments in Pakistan – A perspective for 2012

  FDI requires an enabling environment to ensure flow of funds and capital in different investment ventures. Investments are required in Pakistan for infrastructural development and industrial growth which would create jobs and translate into a higher GDP through enhanced production. The per capita income of Pakistan is only USD 1,254 considered low. The key is to eliminate poverty and increase reserves. With respect to the economic situation of Pakistan, …

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Economic progress of Pakistan since 1947

  Pakistan has witnessed progress since independence when it comes to development of infrastructure and industries. Pakistan is recognized as a major textile exporter. Being an agrarian economy, the country is self-sufficient when it comes to food requirement, which is a plus factor. Through progress is seen with setting up of industries, infrastructure, commercial and residential properties, corruption and mis-management has made the progress slow. Political unrest and blame game …

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Monetary Policy: likely impact on inflation and interest rate

  In the last Monetary Policy decision, discount rate has been maintained at 10 percent against expectations that interest rate will reduce at the back of reduction in CPI, average CPI recorded at 8.6 percent in FY14. With declining trend of inflation and projections of SBP for single digit inflation, discount rate is expected to reduce further. For FY15, CPI is expected to remain between 7.5 percent and 8.5 percent. …

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Thriving food business in Karachi takes new heights

  Pakistan is a land, which is having rugged terrain and mountains in the north, plains and fields in the South. Pakistan is considered an agricultural community, which keeps the country self-sufficient with its food requirement. Since there have hardly been any investments to promote recreational activities such as water parks, amusement parks, Safari’s, water sports, race tracks, gymnastics etc the only source of entertainment for the people is food. …

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