Home / Tag Archives: Policy

Tag Archives: Policy

Monetary policy and interest rates: what does the trend show?

  There seems to be positive sentiment in the economy with the new government taking charge in May 2013. There are high hopes that the economy will flourish, law and order situation will improve, inflation will subside and development projects will create more jobs. The sentiment is reflected in business growth and the KSE-100 index trading at record high of 22,700 points and going strong. Despite the government approaching the …

Read More »

Declining rupee value may affect GDP growth rate

  The next Monetary Policy is to be announced by the State Bank of Pakistan on September 13, 2013 which is likely to decide the future course of policy rate in the days to come, keeping in view the rate of inflation as the tightening or softening of the monetary policy is usually linked with the ups and down of the inflation rate. If this theory is taken into consideration …

Read More »

High interest rates stagnate growth, increase inflation

  While announcing its monetary policy for next two months, the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) decided last month to keep the benchmark interest rate unchanged at 10 percent. The analysts see no rationale to maintain the discount rate at 10 percent by the central bank as all fundamentals are in favor of a reduction in the interest rate. So far as inflation is concerned, the average Consumer Price Index …

Read More »

Monetary Policy: likely impact on inflation and interest rate

  In the last Monetary Policy decision, discount rate has been maintained at 10 percent against expectations that interest rate will reduce at the back of reduction in CPI, average CPI recorded at 8.6 percent in FY14. With declining trend of inflation and projections of SBP for single digit inflation, discount rate is expected to reduce further. For FY15, CPI is expected to remain between 7.5 percent and 8.5 percent. …

Read More »

Is there any logic behind keeping interest rate high?

  It is often said that the fiscal and monetary policies of the country have been dictated by the multilateral lenders i.e. International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. This statement is partly correct and partly wrong. Since the lenders give money they also want to ensure its return as per agreed schedule. Therefore, they have a major say in the formation of these two critically important policies. However, …

Read More »

Public Private Partnership

  Many of the policy planners have the consensus is that the time has come for public-private partnership. It is on record that many of the state owned enterprises (SoEs) have been working very efficiently. It is also known that in some of the businesses, private sector is rather shy to invest because of: 1) huge capital outlay, 2) long gestation period, 3) lower return during the early years and …

Read More »

New aviation policy encourages public-private partnership

  The introduction of the new National Aviation Policy is timely considering the fact that Pakistan has a negative growth of its aviation industry. In contrast to other countries in the region, aviation sector’s contribution in Pakistan was below 0.01 percent. Countries like India, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand aviation sector’s contribution ranged between 1.5 percent and 9.0 percent while only 8 percent of the 180 million population of Pakistan have …

Read More »

Housing industry poised to take a new direction

  The policy makers have once again realized the important of home, which is one of the basic needs of every individual in a civilized society as every one desire to have a decent place that is ones’ own house. However is painful to see that this genuine need remains a dream for millions of the people primarily due to economic disparity and unjust distribution of resources that has rendered …

Read More »

Interest rate drops to historic low at 7 percent

  Monetary policy review reduces policy rate by 100bps A dramatic cut of 100bps in policy rate for the banking industry bringing the interest discount rate from 8 percent to 7 percent indicates the firm resolve of the government to give a jump start to the economy and also an effort to become the first in financial history by reducing the rate to a historic low in Pakistan. The trade …

Read More »

The effects of growth-based fiscal policy

  A recent study by John Merrifield and Barry W. Poulson measured the effects of fiscal policy variations in case of three US states: California, Montana and Utah. The study concludes: ‘A measure issue in the debate over tax policy is the supply-side impact of income tax rate cuts. Using the Poulson and Kaplan (2008) estimates of the negative relationship between marginal tax rates and state economic growth, we show …

Read More »